How does mediation differ from traditional litigation in Texas?

and traditional litigation are two different approaches to resolving legal disputes in Texas. While both methods aim to reach a resolution, they differ significantly in terms of process, control, cost, and outcome.


In traditional litigation, the dispute is resolved through a formal court process. Each party presents their case before a judge or jury, and the decision is made by the court. This process involves filing a lawsuit, discovery (gathering evidence), pre-trial motions, trial, and potentially an appeal.

On the other hand, mediation is an informal and voluntary process where a neutral third party, known as a mediator, facilitates communication and negotiation between the parties. The mediator helps the parties identify their interests, explore options, and work towards a mutually acceptable agreement. Mediation can be initiated before or during litigation, and it is non-binding unless an agreement is reached.


In traditional litigation, the control over the outcome lies with the judge or jury. The parties present their arguments and evidence, but the final decision is made by the court. This lack of control can be risky, as the outcome may not align with the parties’ expectations.

In mediation, the parties have more control over the outcome. They actively participate in the negotiation process and have the opportunity to express their needs and interests directly. The mediator helps facilitate communication and guide the parties towards a resolution, but the final decision rests with the parties themselves.


Traditional litigation can be expensive and time-consuming. It involves hiring attorneys, paying court fees, conducting discovery, and potentially going through a lengthy trial process. The costs can quickly escalate, especially in complex cases or those that go to appeal.

Mediation, on the other hand, is generally more cost-effective. It eliminates many of the expenses associated with litigation, such as extensive attorney fees and court costs. Mediation sessions are typically shorter and less formal, reducing the overall financial burden on the parties.


In traditional litigation, the outcome is determined by the court, which may result in a win or loss for one party. The decision is often binary, with a clear winner and loser. Additionally, the court’s decision may not fully address the underlying interests or concerns of the parties.

In mediation, the outcome is more flexible and can be tailored to the parties’ specific needs and interests. The goal is to find a mutually acceptable solution that satisfies both parties to the greatest extent possible. This can lead to more creative and customized agreements that may not be available through traditional litigation.